is one of
the 18 administrative districts of West Bengal with its headquarters
located at Tamluk. The district was carved out of the erstwhile
Medinipur district on January 1, 2002.
of the Name Tamluk
According to some scholars Tamluk derives its name
from the Sanskrit word Tamra Lipta meaning "Full of Copper".
to local folklore the name Tamralipta came from the King Tamradhwaja
(which means The King with Copper Flag/symbol) of the Mayura-Dhwaja
(Peacock) dynasty. Probably this ancient king had a huge base of
copper, and the metal brought prosperity to the region at his time.
Thus both of the names -- Tamralipta and Raja Tamradhawja -- might
have been originated from it.
early Vaisnav religious texts tell a fascinating story about the
origin of the name of Tamralipta. Once, when Lord Krishna was playing
Maharaas in Vraj at Vrindavan Surya (Sun God) Dev rose from the
east and accidentally saw Lord Krishna in intimate situation with
his Gopis and Sri Radhika. Immediately Surya Dev had felt ashamed,
became embarrassed and blushed a reddish copper colour like Tamra.
And then Surya Dev again returned to the same corner of the east
coast of Bharata and did hide (Lipta) himself in the Bay of Bengal.
Where Surya Dev went back and hid himself is the place called Tamralipt
History of Tamluk
This ancient port city and kingdom was bounded by
the Bay of Bengal in the south, river Rupnarayana in the east and
Subarnarekha in the west. The Rupnarayana is the joint flow of the
river Dwarkeshwar and the river Shilai. The Bay of Bengal and these
great rivers and their numerous branches created a prosperous and
easy water navigational system fostering commerce, culture and early
contacts with the people outside the region. At the same time, these
rivers helped to develop the agriculture in this region.
remains show continuous settlement from about 3rd century BC. It
was known as Tramralipti (in the Purans and the Mahabharata) or
Tamralipta (in Mahabharata) or Tamalika (in historical documents)
or Tamalitti (in foreigners' descriptions) or Tamoluk (in the British
Raj). It was a seaport, now buried under river silt. For this reason,
Tamluk has many ponds and lakes remaining today.
the Mahabharata (Bhishma Parba/Nabam Adhyay) while describing the
names of the holiest rivers and kingdoms of India, Sanjay took the
name of "Tramralipta" to Dhritarastra.
was also known as Bhivas (in religious texts) and Madhya Desh (as
the Middle State of Utkal/Kalinga and Banga).
to Jain sources, Tamralipti was the capital of the kingdom of Venga
and was long known as a port